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  • 2014
    • January, 2014

      Editorial

      MILLION HEARTS PROGRAMME ---LESSONS FOR PAKISTAN

      Over the last couple of decades,atherosclerotic coronary artery disease has been at the
      front line in causing disability and death.Long term population based observational studies viz
      The Framingham Heart Study carried out by William B Kannel has placed major risk factors
      on a solid,valid scientific platform.

      Original Articles

      POSTOPERATIVE CHYLOTHORAX AFTER CARDIOTHORACIC SURGERY IN CHILDREN: EXPERIENCE AT NICVD

      A definitive management strategy for postoperative chylothorax remains elusive.We reviewed our experience in the management of chylothorax in children after congenital heart surgery.

      INCIDENCE & PREDICTORS OF SUCCESS RATE & VASCULAR COMPLICATIONS OF TRANSRADIAL ACCESS FOR CORONARY INTERVENTION

      Vascular complications associated with femoral artery for interventional cardiological procedures may increase morbidity especially in patients receiving antiocoagulants,aspirin,clopidogrel and platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitors.

      PATHOPHYSIOLOGY AND RISK STRATIFICATION OF SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATH IN ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE

      Management of Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD)is undergoing a radical change in direction.It is becoming increasingly appreciated that besides depressed left ventricular systolic function and the conventional risk stratification tools,new markers for plaque vulnerability

      MODIFIED BLALOCK-TAUSSIG SHUNT ----IN- HOSPITAL SHUNT OCCLUSION: EXPERIENCE AT NICVD

      The clinical variables leading to postoperative thrombotic occlusion of a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (mBTS)remain obcsure.In this study,we assess several peri-operative variables to determine association with postoperative in-
      hospital shunt occlusion.

      FREQUENCY OF DIFFERENT BODY SIZE PARAMETERS AND THEIR RISK OF ADVERSE OUTCOMES ASSOCIATED WITH CABG

      Objective:The WHO reported obesity to be an escalating worldwide epidemic.BMI is currently used in diagnosis and treatment of obesity,but multiple studies have shown that south-east Asia have a higher percentage of body fat at a low BMI. WC and WHR are now considered as better predictors in determining obesity,association and outcome in CVD patients.

      PREOPERATIVE CRP AS A PREDICTOR OF DURATION OF ICU STAY FOLLOWING ONPUMP CABG

      Elevated CRP is associated not only with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease but also for increased morbidity and mortality in patients with established coronary artery or cerebrovascular disease.Whether elevate CRP further increases the
      morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)remains unknown.

      PREVALENCE OF RIGHT VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE

      Right Ventricular (RV)dysfunction has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Recent advances in diagnostic techniques have made it possible to assess RV function both qualitatively and quantitatively.
  • 2013
    • January, 2013

      Editorial

      ROLE OF CARNITINE IN MYOCARDIAL ENERGY METABOLISM AND ATHEROSCLEROSIS: A DOUBLE EDGED SWORD?

      L Carnitine is a trimethyl amino quaternary ammonium compound synthesized in
      thehuman body (1.2 micro mol/kg of body weight) from amino acid lysine with the help of
      methionine as well as ferrous and ascorbic acid. This synthesis occurs primarily in the liver
      and to some extent in kidneys.1 The major exogenous source of L Carnitine

      Original Articles

      PERCUTANEOUS TRANSMITRAL BALLOON COMMISSUROTOMY [PTMC] PROCEDURAL SUCCESS AND IMMEDIATE RESULTS

      Back ground: Percutaneous trans-mitral balloon
      commissurotomy for stenosed mitral has been
      practiced with good results in Cath Lab of
      department of cardiology Lady Reading Hospital
      Peshawar.

      FREQUENCY OF HIGHER DEGREE AV BLOCKS IN PATIENTS ADMITTED TO CARDIOLOGY UNIT

      Objective: To know the frequency of higher degree AV blocks in patients admitted to cardiology unit PGMI, LRH Peshawar

      FREQUENCY OF CORONARY ARTERY DILATATION – ANEURYSM AND ECTASIA – IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING CORONARY ARTERIOGRAPHY

      Objective: Coronary artery dilatation-ectasia and aneurysm- are frequently unrecognised incidental finding on coronary arteriography in-patient with coronary artery disease. Due to scarcity of local data ,the study was conducted in patients underwent for coronary arteriography.

      EFFECTS OF SERUM VITAMIN D3 DEFICIENCY ON HEART RATE, SYSTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE AND RATE PRESSURE PRODUCT (RPP)

      Objective: There were scarcy of local data regarding the association of deficiency of vitamin D3 on
      cardiac function. This study was conducted to assess the effects of vit –D3 deficiency on cardiac function.

      COMPARISON OF INCREMENTAL PROGNOSTIC VALUE OF GATED AND NON-GATED SPECT MYOCARDIAL PERFUSION IMAGING: DOES GATING MATTERS?

      Objectives: Gated Single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) yocardial
      perfusion imaging (MPI) has better diagnostic accuracy than non-gated SECT MPI. The objective of this study was to evaluate prognostic strength of gated and non-gated SPECT MPI in same patients’ population.

      RISK FACTOR OF ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE IN PATIENTS PRESENTING WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME TO A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF BALOCHISTAN

      Objective: Our study evaluates the most commonly implicated risk factors associated with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) in Pakistani patients presenting to a tertiary care facility.

      SURGICAL REPAIR OF MODERATE TRICUSPID REGURGITATION HAS BETTER OUTCOME; EARLY HOSPITAL RESULTS

      Objective: To assess the effect of surgical repair on progression of moderate functional tricuspid regurgitation.

      INTERRUPTED VEIN HARVESTING TECHNIQUE WITH SKIN BRDIGES LEADS TO DECREASE INCIDENCE OF LEG WOUND INFECTION AS COMPARED TO OPEN LONG INCISION VEIN HARVESTING TECHNIQUE IN PATIENTS WITH CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING

      Objective: Open saphenous vein harvesting (OVH) with long incisions can be associated with wound complications like infection, incision pain, prolonged convalescence, and poor cosmetic results. Vein harvesting by multiple incisions with small skin bridges (interrupted) (IVH) method has been used for prevention of these problems. This study aims to compare the outcome of OVH versus IVH for coronary artery bypass grafting at the National
      Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Karachi.
    • July, 2013

      Editorial

      WHICH PATIENT SUBSET IS BEST SUITED FOR CABG

      Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG)has been the standard of care for
      revascularisation of patients with complex coronary artery disease since its introduction

      Original Articles

      CORONARY HEART DISEASE AND FIVE FACTOR MODEL OF PERSONALITY:A STATISTICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE LINK

      This empirical study explores the role of personality traits in causation of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD).A total of 231 participants including both confirmed cases of CHD and non-patients were surveyed.Data regarding personality traits was...

      COMPARING THE RESULTS OF EARLY VERSUS PROLONGED EXTUBATION FOLLOWING CARDIAC SURGERY

      Background:With the advancement of anesthesia and surgical procedures,early extubation has gained an increased interest,mainly based on the possibility of reducing health costs by decreasing...

      EFFECTS OF STRICT GLYCEMIC CONTROL ON MORBIDITY &MORTALITY OF DIABETIC PATIENTS POST-CABG

      Objectives:Diabetic mellitus is a risk factor for morbidity and mortality following CABG.Its relative risk may be related to the level of perioperative hyperglycemia.We hypothesized that...

      PREVALENCE OF ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE RISK FACTORS IN ISCHEMIC STROKE

      Objective:To determine the prevalence of cardiac risk factors in patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke...

      SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF SINGLE VENTRICULAR ANATOMY:EARLY NICVD EXPERIENCE

      Objective:We present early results of surgical management of single ventricular physiology with establishing two separate circulations...

      NITROGLYCERIN PLUS VERAPAMIL VERSUS NITROGLYCERIN ALONE FOR SPASM PROPHYLAXIS WITH TRANSRADIALAPPROACH

      Objectives:The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of nitroglycerin and diltiazem versus nitroglycerin alone in preventing radial artery spasm (RAS)during transradial coronary procedures...
  • 2012
    • December, 2012

      Editorial

      MANAGEMENT OF MULTI-VESSEL CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE, COURAGE, SYNTAX AND FREEDOM TRIALS

      There is no doubt that atherosclerosis is a pathological process afflicting the coronary
      arteries in a large number of human beings across the globe, resulting in preventable premature disability and death.

      Original Articles

      FREQUENCY OF STENT THROMBOSIS FOLLOWING PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION WITH BARE METAL VERSUS DRUG ELUTING STENTS

      Objectives: To compare the frequency of stent thrombosis (acute and subacute) between bare metal stents and drug eluting stents in 1 month follow up. Duration: Six months from 12th January 2007 to 11th July 2007.

      COMPARISON OF THE SAFETY AND EFFICACY OF EARLY ULTRAFILTRATION WITH STANDARD INTRAVENOUS DIURETIC THERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH DECOMPENSATED HEART FAILURE AND VOLUME OVERLOAD

      Objective: This study was designed to compare the safety and efficacy of early ultrafiltration with standard intravenous diuretic therapy in patients with decompensated heart failure and volume overload.

      INCREMENTAL PROGNOSTIC VALUE OF GATED SPECT MYOCARDIAL PERFUSION SCANS WITH DIPYRIDAMOLE STRESS IN PATIENTS WI TH LEFT BUNDLE BRANCH BLOCK

      Objective: Gated single photon emission computerized tomography (GSPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) has well validated incremental prognostic value. The aim of this study was to find out the prognostic value of abnormal dipyriodamole GSPECT MPI in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB).

      DEVELOPING / ESTABLISHING A CARDIAC SURGERY UNIT AT KARACHI INSTITUTE OF HEART DISEASES

      Objectives: Coronary artery disease is the commonest cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. CABG surgery is one of the definitive treatment modality for patients with CAD. This study retrospectively analysed the initial data of a newly developed cardiac surgery unit at KIHD.

      DELIVERY DURING ONGOING MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION: A CASE REPORT WITH LITERATURE REVIEW

      Acute myocardial infarction in pregnancy is rare occurrence but with potentially lethal implications for both maternal and fetal outcome. The pathogenesis of acute myocardial infarction in pregnancy are diverse but generally associated with the coagulative and physiological changes related to the pregnancy.

      TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR PULMONARY HOMOGRAFT CONDUIT DYSFUNCTION AFTER ROSS SWITCH PROCEDURE

      Bicuspid Aortic Valve is the most common type of aortic valve abnormality. The Ross procedure is an attractive option in the treatment of aortic valve disease in infants, children, and young adults. 1 The
      Ross procedure has been performed with low mortality in children and adolescents with isolated aortic valve disease.

      FREQUENCY OF SIGNIFICANT LEFT MAIN CORONARY ARTERY STENOSIS IN PATIENTS OF ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME WITH ST-SEGMENT ELEVATION IN LEAD aVR

      Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of significant left main coronary artery stenosis in patients of acute coronary syndrome with ST segment elevation in lead aVR.
  • 2011
    • January, 2011

      Editorial

      Cardiovascular Backbone Therapies and Serious Side Effects

      Cardiovascular Backbone Therapies and Serious Side Effects

      Original Articles

      Clinical and Echocardiographic Features of Rheumatic Fever (RF) and Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) in the Rural Areas of Pakistan

      Clinical and Echocardiographic Features of Rheumatic Fever (RF) and Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) in the Rural Areas of Pakistan

      Factors Leading to Longer Prehospital Time in Acute Myocardial Infarction

      Factors Leading to Longer Prehospital Time in Acute Myocardial Infarction

      Deep Vein Thrombosis: Presentation and Clinical Risk Factors among the Patients at a Tertiary Care Hospital of Northern Sindh

      Deep Vein Thrombosis: Presentation and Clinical Risk Factors among the Patients at a Tertiary Care Hospital of Northern Sindh

      The Emerging Role of Omega 3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Management of Resistant Hypertrigyceridemia: A Case Report with Literature Review

      The Emerging Role of Omega 3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Management of Resistant Hypertrigyceridemia: A Case Report with Literature Review

      The Treatment of choice in a case of Renal Artery Stenosis: Revascularization Vs Medical Treatment

      The Treatment of choice in a case of Renal Artery Stenosis: Revascularization Vs Medical Treatment
  • 14-01-2015

    XXV European Days, Annual Meeting of the French Society of CardiologyParis....

  • 18-01-2015

    9th International Conference on Acute Cardiac CareTel Aviv, Israelhttp://w....

  • 19-02-2015

    4TS - Top To Toe Transcatheter Solutions, 19 February - 20 February at Dub....

  • 13-02-2015

    Saudi Heart Scientific Conference 26 at Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, for det....

  • 19-02-2015

    13th Annual Cardiovascular Disease Prevention International Symposium Miam....